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Pomelo (Citrus maxima) as natural mosquito repellant.

Author

Jochel F. Almas,
Analyn S. Alumit,
Louisa F. Laron

Related Institution

Benguet State University

Abstract

The study was conducted to compare the effectiveness of pomelo (Citrus maxima) and the commercial mosquito repellant of mosquitoes. Further, it sought to determine the best pomelo extract concentration in the repellence of mosquitoes.


            This study was conducted at IC90- E Betag, La Trinidad, Benguet on November 25-30, 2014.


            This study utilized the experimental and quantitative research design which involved the preparation of five identical mosquito traps with the dimensions of 18x 15x 8 - inches covered with iron sheets for trapping of the mosquitoes. One for the control (distilled water), one for 100% treatment of pomelo peeling extract, another for 75% treatment of pomelo peeling extract and lastly, one for the commercial repellant. These were placed in a Styrofoam container where it was put in each of the mosquito traps containing  inside the attractant was composed of two (2) tablespoons of sugar and 1 ½ tablespoon of yeast with one hundred fifty (150) Ml of distilled hot water. The treatments were put at 6o'clock in the afternoon until the next day after twenty-four (24) hours of observation. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), and Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) were used for the statistical treatment.


            The research findings showed the effects of the different treatments in repelling mosquitoes are highly significant. Furthermore, the 100% pomelo peeling extract concentration and commercial mosquito repellant are not significantly different from each other.


            It concluded that the different treatments of the pomelo peeling extract concentration can repel mosquitoes. Moreover, the 100% pomelo peeling extract concentration is as effective as the commercial mosquito repellant in repelling mosquitoes.


            Further studies to use other extraction techniques such as percolation and decoction are recommend. Also, to maximize the other plant such as pomelo juice, leaves, roots and bark can be used. There should be succeeding studies to compare the repellence of anopheles gambiae and aedes aegypti using pomelo peeling extracts. Moreover, other plants similar to pomelo which is abundant to locality can be studied as mosquito repellant.


            Correspondingly, similar studies to be conducted to validate findings.


 
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